- My visa has been refused. What can I do?
You may appeal against this decision. The decision to refuse a Schengen visa and the reasons for the refusal are notified by means of a standard form that is handed out by the Member State's consulate that refused the visa. The notification of the refusal must include the reasons on which the refusal were based, and the procedures and deadlines for submitting an appeal.
When a Member State represents another for the purpose of issuing visas (e.g. France represents the Netherlands), the appeal procedure will be that of the Member State who took the final decision, i.e. the representing Member State which is in this example, France.
You are free to apply again for a Schengen visa if your application has been refused earlier. However, it is recommended that you take note of the reasons for the earlier refusal before submitting a new application and make amendments, where necessary.
The visa fee is not refunded if the visa is refused. The visa fee covers the cost of the examination of the visa application.Updated: 2015.09.09
- Can my visa be extended?
When applying for a visa extension, you must show that due to force majeure, for humanitarian reasons or for serious personal reasons it is not possible for you to leave the Schengen area before the expiry of your visa or the authorized period of stay.
As a rule, the visa can only be extended if you have stayed less than 90 days the Schengen area, in the course of the past 180 days, and if your current visa is not expired.
Information on the authorities competent for extending visas in the different Schengen States can be found on our website, click here.Updated: 2015.09.09
- I have two connecting flights, including a Schengen state airport. Do I have to apply for an airport transit visa or a short stay visa?
It is important to distinguish two situations:
- transit through the international transit area of an airport of a Schengen State (onward journey where you do not leave the international transit area of the airport)
- transit via the territory of a Schengen State albeit limited to an airport (onward journey where you leave the international transit area of the airport).
An airport transit visa (ATV) authorises you to pass through the international transit zone at an airport of a Schengen State and to await there a connecting flight to a non-Schengen country. The ATV does not allow you to leave the international transit zone and to enter the Schengen territory (to stay at a hotel or to take an onwards flight to another Schengen State, for example).
To find out whether you need an airport transit visa, you can consult the overview on our website, click here.
Traveling to a Schengen State via another Schengen State airport is not considered an airport transit neither is travelling to a non-Schengen country via two Schengen State airports. All flights between two or more Schengen States are considered to be «domestic» flights. Depending on your nationality, you might need a short stay visa for entering the Schengen area – even if the stay of only lasts a few hours and you remain in the airport (outside the international transit zone).Updated: 2015.09.09
- Do I have to present any other document at the Schengen external borders apart from my travel document with the Schengen visa?
The short-stay visa does not automatically entitle you to enter the Schengen area. At the border (or during other controls) you may have to show the visa but also provide additional documentation, for example information to show that you have sufficient means to cover the stay and the return trip. It is therefore recommended that you carry with you copies of the documents which you presented when applying for the visa (e.g. letters of invitation, travel confirmations, other documents stating the purpose of your stay).Updated: 2015.09.09
- I have a valid long stay visa/residence permit for a country that is part of the Schengen area. Do I need another visa to travel to other Schengen states?
No. A long stay visa or a residence permit issued by a Schengen State allows you to travel or stay in other Schengen States for the maximum duration of a “short stay” (a stay of "90 days in any 180 days period").Updated: 2015.09.09
- Can I leave the Schengen area and return again with my Schengen visa?
Schengen visas may allow for a single-entry, two or multiple entries. With a single-entry visa you can enter the Schengen area only once. This is indicated on the visa sticker by "1"
With a visa allowing for two or multiple entries visa you may enter twice or several times during the validity of the visa. See also FAQ no 7.Updated: 2015.09.09
- My visa has been issued by, for example, the German Consulate. Could I use this visa to make a trip to other Schengen States?
Yes. According to the Schengen rules, the Schengen visa is generally valid for all the Schengen States. Please note, however, that, in principle, you have to apply at the consulate of the Schengen State which is your primary or first destination (see FAQ no 4). The territorial validity of you visa is indicated on the visa sticker under the heading "Valid For". You will find information on how to read your visa sticker on this page of our website: How to read/understand the visa sticker. See FAQ no 16 on checks at the external borders.Updated: 2015.09.09
- Which documents do I need to provide when submitting my visa application?
Information on the documents to be submitted when applying for a visa can be found on the following page of our website: Required documents.Updated: 2015.09.09
- My passport expires in two months’ time. Can I apply for a visa?
In principle you cannot. It is a requirement that the expiration date of your passport is 3 months AFTER your return from the Schengen area. However, in justified cases of emergency, the Consulate may deviate from this rule.Updated: 2015.09.09
- How much does it cost to apply for a visa?
The general visa fee of EUR 60 must be paid when you submit the visa application. The visa fee for children from the age of six years and below the age of 12 years is EUR 35.
Nationals of countries with which the EU has concluded Visa Facilitation Agreements shall pay a fee of EUR 35. Please consult the list here1.
The visa fee is waived for applicants belonging to one of the following categories:
- children under six years;
- school pupils, students, postgraduate students and accompanying teachers who undertake stays for the purpose of study or educational training;
- researchers from third countries travelling for the purpose of carrying out scientific research;
- representatives of non-profit organisations aged 25 years or less participating in seminars, conferences, sports, cultural or educational events organised by non-profit organisations;
- family members of EU/EEA citizens, falling under Directive 2004/38. See FAQ no 4.
Member States also apply other optional visa fees waivers. You can obtain detailed information on that from the consulate of the Schengen State where you will apply for the visa.
If you submit the application at an external service provider, you will also be charged a service fee.Updated: 2015.09.09
- How long before the start of the intended visit should I apply for a visa?
Applications can be lodged no more than three months before the start of the intended trip.
It is advisable to lodge an application at least 15 calendar days before the intended visit, taking into account also the national holidays of the Schengen State of destination and in the country where you apply for the visa.
Holders of a multiple-entry visa (valid for a period of at least six months) may lodge the application for a new visa before the expiry of that visa.Updated: 2015.09.09
- How long does the visa procedure take?
As a general rule, once a Schengen visa application is submitted to the Consulate, a decision is taken by the Consulate within 15 calendar days. This period may be extended up to 30 days or 60 days. More information is available on our website on this page: Processing of a visa applicationUpdated: 2015.09.09
- How long can I stay in the Schengen area on the basis of my visa?
The Schengen visa is a short stay visa and takes the form of a sticker affixed to the travel document. The definition of “short stay” is a stay of "90 days in any 180 days period". This means that the total duration of stays is maximum 90 days in any period of 180 days.
The precise length of validity your visa is indicated on the visa sticker under the heading “Duration of visit”.
With a single-entry visa you can enter the Schengen area only once. This is indicated on the visa sticker under the heading "Number of entries" by "01". A two-entry or a multiple-entry visa allows for two or several entries during the validity of the visa. This is indicated on the visa sticker by "02" or "MULT" under the heading "Number of entries".
You will find information on how to read your visa sticker on this page of our website: How to read/understand the visa sticker.Updated: 2015.09.09
- Can I cross the Schengen border in country X, while the visa was issued by Schengen country Y?
As a general rule you may cross any Schengen border with visa issued by any Schengen country. However, the short-stay visa does not automatically entitle you to enter the Schengen area. See FAQ no 16 on checks at the external borders.Updated: 2015.09.09
- Where do I submit my visa application?
You must lodge the application for a Schengen visa at the Consulate of the country that you intend to visit, or – if you intend to visit more than one Schengen State, the Consulate of the country of your primary destination (i.e. main purpose of stay or longest stay).
If you intend to visit several Schengen States and the stays will be of equal length, you must apply at the Consulate of the country whose external borders you will cross first when entering the Schengen area.
As a general rule, you must apply for a visa at the Consulate with territorial competence for the country in which you legally reside.
For more detailed information, please visit this page on our website: where and how to apply.Updated: 2015.09.09
- I am a family member of an EU-citizen. Are the standard requirements applicable to me?
[Family members of EU citizens who have exercised their right of free movement (meaning that the EU citizen resides in or travels to a Member State other than his/her country of origin) benefit from certain procedural facilitations. The basic criteria to be fulfilled are the following:
- the EU citizen has exercised his/her right of free movement
- the family member (applicant) belongs to one of the categories covered by Directive 2004/38/EC
- the family member (applicant) accompanies the EU citizen or joins him/her in the Schengen State of destination.]
For further information, consult our website, click here.Updated: 2015.09.09
- Do I need a visa to enter a Schengen State?
To find out if you need a visa to enter a Schengen State, you can consult the overview on our website, click here.
- Select your nationality and it will be indicated if you need a visa or not.
- If you need a visa, you should select your country of residence and Schengen State of destination.
- The consulate where you should apply will then be indicated and there will be a link to the website providing detailed information.
Please note, this information is not exhaustive and is intended as guidance only.Updated: 2015.09.09
- What is a Schengen visa?
A Schengen visa is an authorisation issued by a Schengen State for:
- A transit through or an intended stay in the territory of the Schengen States of a duration of no more than 90 days in any 180 days period ("short stay visa"),
- A transit through the international transit areas of airports of the Schengen States ("airport transit visa").
Generally the visa issued allows you to visit any of the Schengen States during the same trip, within the validity of the visa.
A Schengen visa is not appropriate, if you wish to remain in the Schengen area for longer than 90 days, take up employment or establish a business, trade or profession.
- Which countries are part of the Schengen Area?
The Schengen area covers 26 countries ("Schengen States") without border controls between them. These countries are: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. These countries apply a common visa policy for short stay visas.Updated: 2015.09.09